Georgia lies on the Eastern Black Sea coast, Between Turkey and Russia, and along the Southern slopes of the Greater Caucasus Mountains, which forms the conventional border between Europe and Asia. Georgia, which is the most Europe related part of the Caucasus region, has become more familiar to the rest of the world since the collapse of the Soviet Union in early 90’s and nowadays is probably one of the fastest growing wildlife tourism destinations in the region,
This is a country of exceptional beauty, with its ancient history and traditions, special hospitality, unique architecture, food and folklore. Just recently in 2017 archaeologists found incredible evidence in Georgia as the oldest winemaking country in the world. Click here to see what National Geographic says.
In spite of just 69,700 square kilometers, Georgia provides surprisingly rich diversity of habitats and varied landscapes ranging from semi-desert to humid subtropical forests. This unspoiled piece of rare wildlife is a heaven for fabulous biodiversity, including highly rich endemism.
Designated by its history, climate and geography, Georgia provides up to 400 bird species, from which over half are breeding, while the rest use it for wintering, roosting or stopover. Besides there are 54 reptiles, 12 amphibian and 100 mammal species… many of these could not be found outside the Caucasus region, while the level of endemism in flora is even higher. Geographically, Georgia lies at the crossroads between Eastern Europe and the Middle East, and its flora and fauna is composed of the species typical for Central and Eastern Europe, Asia Minor, Central Asia and the Mediterranean regions.
There are six main regions, and each with its own habitat and corresponding flora and fauna: Arid landscapes of the south-east, Uplands of the Greater Caucasus Mountains, Mtkvari Valley west of Tbilisi, Western Lesser Caucasus Mountains, Black Sea Coast and Javakheti volcanic mountain plateau in southern Georgia.