Azerbaijan lies on the western Caspian Sea coast, between Iran and Russia, and along the southern slopes of the Greater Caucasus Mountains, which form the conventional border between Europe and Asia. In same way as most countries in the Caucasus region, it has become more familiar to the western world since the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991.
Azerbaijan is a country of anticipating history and traditions, but most people are less familiar with Azerbaijan’s spectacular nature, which has the potential to attract thousands of wildlife lovers, seeking unspoiled wilderness and access to rare wildlife.
The country, though its total area is only 87,000 square kilometers, has extremely varied landscapes ranging. Traveling only a few hundred kilometers, visitors can cross from dry semi desert to the giant wetlands of the Kura-Araz plane and the Caspian Sea cost, the subtropical forests of Tallish, the mountain steppe of Zuvand Plateau, the pistachio savannah of Turianchai and the high peaks of the Greater Caucasus.
Azerbaijan has recorded over 400 species of birds of which 170 are regular breeding birds. Many of Azerbaijan’s species are also found in Europe, especially in the Mediterranean region, but many species common in Azerbaijan are extremely rare in Europe.
Climatically, the eastern Caucasus where Azerbaijan lies is a relatively dry region, surrounded by magnificent mountain and plane forests and the Caspian Sea. This caused isolation and development of many endemic plants and animals. Geographically, Azerbaijan lies at the crossroads between Eastern Europe and the Middle East from west to east and from north to south, and its flora and fauna is comprised of the species typical for Central and Eastern Europe, Asia Minor, Central Asia and the Mediterranean region. The terrain can often be difficult and at altitude and therefore a high level of physical fitness is required for this tour especially in mountains.